A NOVA CENTRALIDADE DA ÁGUA E DO SANEAMENTO PÓS COVID19

Palavras-chave: Água, Saneamento, COVID-19, Epidemiologia, Reuso

Resumo

A COVID-19, conhecida por síndrome respiratória aguda grave, causada pelo coronavírus SARS-CoV-2, por ser de rápida propagação, culminou no estabelecimento do isolamento social, causando impactos significativos à economia. Assim, a pandemia da COVID-19 tem chamado a atenção para o tema água e saneamento em aspectos relacionados à essencialidade do seu provimento, à medida preventiva de higienização das mãos e à identificação da presença do coronavírus no esgoto sanitário. O objetivo do presente artigo é, por meio da apresentação e avaliação de estatísticas e estudos científicos, explicitar alguns dos aspectos associados à centralidade do binômio água e saneamento que podem revelar-se determinantes para o relançamento da economia mundial no período pós-COVID-19, nomeadamente: 1) direito humano à água e ao saneamento, fundamentais para a garantia da qualidade de vida, da capacidade produtiva e da saúde pública, porém com uma realidade ainda desafiadora especialmente para países economicamente vulneráveis; 2) relação com a epidemiologia e ocorrência do coronavírus no esgoto sanitário, chamando a atenção da comunidade científica, da sociedade e dos tomadores de decisão, mesmo que ainda sem evidências científicas da sua transmissão feco-oral; 3) relação da água com a economia, considerando-a recurso base para produção industrial e agrícola e geração de empregos. Conclui-se assim pela construção do conceito “nova centralidade da água e do saneamento” como fator chave para a retomada da economia pós-COVID-19.

Biografia do Autor

Marília Carvalho de Melo, COPPE/UFRJ

Doutora em Engenharia Civil pelo Instituto Alberto Luiz Coimbra de Pós-Graduação e Pesquisa de Engenharia da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (COPPE/UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil

Ana Silvia Santos, COPPE/UFRJ

Doutora em Engenharia Civil pelo Instituto Alberto Luiz Coimbra de Pós-Graduação e Pesquisa de Engenharia da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (COPPE/UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil

José Manuel Pereira Vieira, UM

Doutor em Engenharia Civil pela Universidade do Minho (UM), Braga, Portugal

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Publicado
2020-06-03